Many First Nations people lived in Ontario and the western provinces, but they made up most of the total population of the Northwest Territories, Yukon, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan. Aboriginal peoples in Canada are defined in the Constitutional Act of 1982 as Indians (more commonly known as First Nations), mixed-race, and Inuit. There are approximately 2,400 Aboriginal people in federal institutions and provincial institutions under the federal-provincial service exchange agreement, or on probation in the community. Crime rates related to fraud and the use of offensive weapons were low in First Nations communities compared to small urban areas.
The opening of the museum was boycotted by the award-winning electronic band A Tribe Called Red and criticisms from Buffy Sainte-Marie, not to mention that a nearby First Nation declared that its poor living conditions were a “Canadian Museum of Human Rights Violations”. In First Nations communities, suicide is more common among young people and is often the result of feelings of hopelessness and despair. It was the first time that comprehensive data was collected on the characteristics of inmates at the national level. Crime in First Nations communities was compared to crime in both small urban areas and rural areas of the same province.
The report was limited to twenty First Nations police services in Quebec, five in Ontario and one in Alberta, Manitoba and Nova Scotia. Demographic estimates of First Nations communities for 1996 were provided by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. Approximately 97 percent of those who identified themselves as Aboriginal identified themselves as First Nations (851,560 people, or 60.8 percent), mixed-race (451,795 people or 32.3 percent), or Inuit (59,445 people, or 4.2 percent), and just under 3 percent stated that they had other Aboriginal identities or more than one Aboriginal identity. In June, the leaders of the city of Vancouver, with 600,000 inhabitants, approved a declaration stating that “it was founded in the traditional First Nations territories of Musqueam, Squamish and Tsleil-Waututh and that these territories were never ceded by treaty, war or surrender.” Overall, violent crime rates were significantly higher in First Nations communities than in small urban and other rural areas.
Québec had the highest proportion of First Nations people living on reservations (72 percent), while the Northwest Territories had the highest proportion of First Nations people living outside of reservations. The National Parole Board (199) reported that Aboriginal offenders also tended to be underrepresented in the federal population with full probation and overrepresented among the population on legal probation. More than 52,000 people of mixed race, First Nations or Inuit descent live in this rainy city on the west coast, and it's hard to ignore the great impact and presence of indigenous culture in the area. These include limited rehabilitation options and resources, the imprisonment of First Nations people for crimes against the system, such as the imposition of fines, failure to appear and failure to comply with restitution.
In addition, the judicial system has not historically responded to the needs of Aboriginal people.