Aboriginal Canadians or Indigenous Canadians are the indigenous people of Canada who still reside in Canada today. But, in fact, most indigenous peoples live in Canadian cities and, according to the latest census, native populations that live outside reservations, mixed-race people and Inuit are the fastest growing populations in the entire country. British Columbia has more first nations than any other province, but, nevertheless, almost none of the provinces are covered by historic land-sharing treaties with the government. Another 17,690 Inuit live outside the Inuit Nunangat, many of them in urban centers in southern Canada, such as Ottawa, Edmonton and Montreal.
Located near the heart of Canada's landmass, the city of Winnipeg, located on the prairies, is home to the country's highest Aboriginal population (78,420 of the city's 663,617 inhabitants) and also the highest per capita proportion of indigenous residents, that is, almost 12 percent of the population. Mixed-race and Inuit people rank second among the largest population in the First Nations, another city in Alberta, Edmonton, the capital of the province.