The largest number of Aboriginal people lived in Ontario and the western provinces (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia). Aboriginal people made up the majority of the population of Nunavut and the Northwest Territories. Winnipeg has the largest indigenous population of any major city in Canada, according to the latest census data. While First Nations inhabitants represented 2.8 percent of the total population of Canada, they represented 10.7 percent of the population in Saskatchewan and 10.5 percent in Manitoba, and nearly a third of the population in the Northwest Territories (32,.
Mixed-race and Inuit people rank second among the largest population in the First Nations, another city in Alberta, Edmonton, the capital of the province. More than 52,000 people of mixed race, First Nations or Inuit descent live in this rainy city on the west coast, and it's hard to ignore the great impact and presence of indigenous culture in the area. Nearly 1.4 million people stated that they were of First Nations (North American Indians) descent, such as the Cree, the Ojibway and the Mi'kmaq, alone or from other origins. First Nations peoples had been established and established trade routes through what is now Canada between 500 BC.
C. and 1000 A.D. Forty-five percent of First Nations children (116, 37) lived in a family with both parents, 37.1% (96.04) lived in a single-parent family, and 8.7% (22.44) lived in a reconstituted family as stepchildren. More people with First Nations status (25,970 in total) live in Winnipeg than in any other Canadian city.
In Manitoba, there were 41,955 First Nations children, representing 36.7% of First Nations inhabitants and 18.4% of all children in that province. The vast majority of these people (91.4% or 637,660) also reported identifying themselves as First Nations people. However, in some provinces, especially in the Atlantic provinces, as well as in Ontario and Quebec, they represented a larger proportion. First Nations inhabitants constituted 2.6% of the total population of Canada, while mixed-race people represented 1.4% and Inuit 0.2%.
First Nations and Inuit organizations varied in size, from gang societies of a few people to multinational confederations such as the Iroquois. Many First Nations people lived in Ontario and the western provinces, but they made up most of the total population of the Northwest Territories, Yukon, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan. According to some scholars, the laws and policies of the Canadian government, including the residential school system, which encouraged or required indigenous peoples to assimilate into a Eurocentric society, violated the United Nations Convention on Genocide that Canada signed in 1949 and approved in Parliament in 1952.