Return to the footnote first 1 reference Return to the footnote first reference 2 Return to the footnote first 3 references There are no Indian reservations or settlements in Nunavut. Return to the first sender's footnote. Figure 1 shows the distribution of indigenous populations in Canada. The figure includes the number of indigenous people living in each province and territory, as well as the proportion of its total population comprised of indigenous peoples.
Indigenous peoples represent the largest proportion of the population in Nunavut (86%), the Northwest Territories (51%) and the Yukon Territory (23%), followed by Manitoba (18%) and Saskatchewan (16%). Even Indians without social status, whose national rate of knowledge of indigenous languages is less than two percent, have a rate close to 10% in Saskatchewan. Figure 37 illustrates the marked variations in First Nations university completion gaps in all regions. The Government of Canada is committed to achieving reconciliation with First Nations, the Mestizos and the Inuit by renewing relations between nations, between the government and the Inuit Crown based on the affirmation and application of rights, respect, cooperation and partnership, the promotion of respect for the rights of indigenous peoples recognized and affirmed in article 35 of the Constitutional Act of 1982 and the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples; Term colonial defined by the Indian Act as a group of First Nations people, usually with reserve land.
The inclusion of this element in the Act is a deliberate recognition of the essential role that services play in the lives of indigenous peoples, as well as of the role that decision-making on the design, development and delivery of services plays in providing indigenous communities with the capacity to promote self-determination. The Act establishes national principles such as the best interests of the child, cultural continuity and substantive equality to guide the provision of services for children and families in relation to indigenous children. There are persistent challenges and barriers in providing services to indigenous peoples, both by Indigenous Services Canada and other service providers, which are likely to continue until substantive equality is achieved and self-determination is promoted. The first part provides an overview of the socio-economic gaps between First Nations, the Inuit and the mixed race and the non-indigenous population of Canada.
Currently, shelters funded by Indigenous Services Canada serve some 329 First Nations communities (representing approximately 55% of all First Nations in Canada), and each year more than 300 family violence prevention projects are supported on and off the reservations. This work is a key step in addressing disparities and inequities in socioeconomic conditions between First Nations and other Canadians. To date, 331 water and wastewater projects have been completed and another 288 are underway, benefiting 586 First Nations communities across the country. Whereas Treaty 6 said that First Nations would be consulted on the location of the reserves, Treaty 7 described the reserve areas.
Figure 27 shows that there are significant gaps in terms of completing secondary school. Footnote 29 between indigenous peoples, in particular, First Nations living on reservations and the Inuit, and the non-indigenous population of Canada. The report revealed that the department did not have a complete picture of the well-being of First Nations people living on reservations compared to other Canadians, as measured by the Community Welfare Index, and indicated that, while the index includes important measures of well-being (that is, the nation believes includes many smaller communities (or bands), such as the Cree nation of Beaver Lake in Alberta and the original Moose Cree nation in Ontario. While Treaty 8 said that every family of five should receive one square mile of reserve land, the new members of Bigstone did not cause an increase in the size of their reservation.