There are more than 630 First Nations communities in Canada, representing more than 50 nations and 50 indigenous languages. First Nations inhabitants constituted 2.6% of the total population of Canada, while mixed-race people represented 1.4% and Inuit 0.2%. Looking more closely, the Aboriginal people most likely to live on the reservation are North American Indians or First Nations in a more common language. The reservation system, as governed by Indian Law, refers to First Nations bands and individuals, referred to as Indians in a legal context.
Approximately six out of ten Inuit children (61.6%, or 12.41) lived in a family with both parents, one in four (25.8%, or 5,200) lived in a single-parent family and 6.3% (1280) lived in a family reconstituted as stepchildren. First Nations people were the youngest in Saskatchewan and Manitoba, where their average ages were 20 and 21, respectively, half of the non-Aboriginal population of these two provinces. The majority (58.0%, or 60.60%) lived in a family with both parents, 29.8% (31.09) lived in a single-parent family and 8.6% (8.93%) lived in a family reconstituted as stepchildren. Two of the largest reserves of band members in Canada are the Six Nations of the Grand River, near Brantford, Ontario, and the Akwesasne Mohawks, who live near Cornwall, Ontario, in territory that extends on both sides of the borders of Ontario, Quebec and New York.
First Nations inhabitants represented most of the total population of the Northwest Territories, followed by Yukon, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan. In the Northwest Territories, there were 21,160 Aboriginal people, or 1.5% of the total Aboriginal population, and 7,705 Aboriginal people lived in Yukon, less than 1% of the total. Canadian Aboriginal Reservations, a system of reservations that serve as physical and spiritual homelands for many of Canada's First Nations (Indian) peoples. Aboriginal children aged 14 and younger in Canada lived in a variety of arrangements, mainly in families with both parents or with single parents.
In addition to foster children, another 4,515 Aboriginal children aged 14 or younger (1.2%) were living with other family members.Note 17 in agreements that did not include at least one parent or grandparent. The vast majority of these people (91.4% or 637,660) also reported identifying themselves as First Nations people. The French and Haudenosaunee established a Great Peace in 1701, aimed at strengthening peace between the nations of the Haudenosaunee Confederation and with the French crown. The majority (84.9%) of people who identified themselves as mixed-race lived in the western provinces or in Ontario.